A worm farm is a composting system that uses red wigglers or tiger worms, a type of composting worm, to turn food waste, garden waste, waste paper and cardboard into nutrient-rich compost.
Select a location for your worm farm that is out of direct sunlight and protected from extreme temperatures. Carports or sheltered porches are ideal.
Purchase a worm farm kit or build your own using a container, bedding material, and a drain system. The container should have a lid and holes for ventilation. Fill the container with a mixture of bedding material, such as shredded newspaper, coconut coir, or peat moss, and moisten it until it is evenly damp.
Purchase red wigglers or tiger worms from a composting worm supplier. You can also lay down some wet cardboard in a shady part of your garden and composting worms will come to the surface. Add them to your worm farm. The worms will burrow into the bedding material and begin to feed on the food waste you add.
Worms like ratio of about 70% greens to 30% browns.
When the bottom layers of your worm farm start to smell earthy and look like dark, fine compost, it’s time to collect the castings. You might only see a few worms left at this point. You can use the castings in your garden by spreading them around your plants or mixing them with water and pouring the mixture around the base of your plants.
Make sure the liquid can always drain freely into a different bucket. If you want to use the liquid as plant fertiliser, it’s best to mix it with water until it looks like weak black tea (one part worm tea to 10 parts water). Apply this mixture regularly around the base of your plants for a healthy and nutritious boost.